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Gantz

Forgot about this old page.  Go to [[Gantz Wiki]] for a proper Wiki about Gantz.

-Dream Focus, Febuary 16, 2010

{{Infobox animanga/Header
| name            = Gantz
| image           = [[Image:Gantzvol1.jpg|190px]]
| caption         = Cover of the first ''tankōbon'', released in Japan by Shueisha
| ja_name         = ガンツガンツ
| ja_name_trans   = Gantsu
| genre           = [[Action genre|Action]], [[Psychological thriller]], [[Science fiction]]
}}
{{Infobox animanga/Manga
| title           =
| author          = [[Hiroya Oku]]
| publisher       = {{flagicon|Japan}} [[Shueisha]]
| publisher_en    = {{flagicon|USA}} [[Dark Horse Comics|Dark Horse]]
| publpublisher_en    = {{flagicon|USA}} [[Dark Horse Comics|Dark Horse]]
| publisher_other = {{flagicon|France}} {{flagicon|Quebec}} {{flagicon|Switzerland}} Editions Tonkam
{{flagicon|Germany}} {{flagicon|Italy}} {{flagicon|Brazil}} Planet Manga<br />
{{flagicon|Spain}} [[Glénat (publisher)|Glénat]]<br />
{{flagicon|Malaysia}} [[Komik Remaja]]<br />
{{flagicon|Mexico}} [[Editorial Vid]]
| demographic     = [[Seinen]]
| magazine        = [[Weekly Young Jump]]
| first           = October 2000
| last            = ongoing
| volumes         = 23
| chapter_list    = List of Gantz episodes
}}
{{Infobox animanga/Anime
| title           = First Stage
| director        = Ichiro Itano
| studio          = {{flagicon|Japan}} [[GONZO]]
| licensor        = {{flagicon|USA}} {{flagicon|Canada}} [[ADV Films]]<br /> {{flagicon|UK}} [[MVM Films]]<br /> {{flagicon|Australia}} {{flagicon|New Zealand}} [[Madman Entertainment]]
| network         = {{flagicon|Japan}} [[Fuji Television]]
| network_other   = {{flagicon|Argentina}} {{flagicon|Peru}} {{flagicon|Brazil}} {{flagicon|Mexico}} {{flagicon|Venezuela}} [[Animax]]<br /> {{flagicon|Peru}} Japanimax<br /> {{flagicon|Germany}} [[MTV Central]]<br /> {{flagicon|USA}} [[Anime Network]]
| first           = [[12 April]] [[2004]]
| last            = [[26 June]] [[2004]]
| episodes        = 13
| episode_list    = List of Gantz episodes
}}
{{Infobox animanga/Anime
| title           = Second Stage
| director        = Ichiro Itano
| studio          = {{flagicon|Japan}} [[GONZO]]
| licensor        = {{flagicon|USA}} {{flagicon|Canada}} [[ADV Films]]<br /> {{flagicon|UK}} [[MVM Films]]<br /> {{flagicon|Australia}} {{flagicon|New Zealand}} [[Madman Entertainment]]
| network         = {{flagicon|Japan}} [[Fuji Television]]
| network_other   = {{flagicon|Argentina}} {{flagicon|Peru}} {{flagicon|Brazil}} {{flagicon|Mexico}} [[Animax]]<br /> {{flagicon|Peru}} Japanimax<br /> {{flagicon|Germany}} [[MTV Central]]<br /> {{flagicon|USA}} [[Anime Network]]
| first           = [[26 August]] [[2004]]
| last            = [[18 November]] [[2004]]
| episodes        = 13
| episode_list    = List of Gantz episodes
}}
{{Infobox animanga/Footer}}

{{nihongo|'''''Gantz'''''|ガンツ|Gantsu}} is a Japanese [[manga]] and [[anime]] series written and illustrated by [[Hiroya Oku]]. ''Gantz'' tells the story of a [[teenager]] named Kei Kurono who dies in a train accident and becomes part of a [[Posthumous|semi-posthumous]] "game" in which he and several other recently deceased people are forced to hunt down and kill aliens. The missions they embark upon are often dangerous. Many die on each mission, but others replace them in the same manner as Kei Kurono's appearance.

The ''Gantz'' anime, directed by Ichiro Itano and animated by [[GONZO]], ran for 13 episodes and had a direct sequel called ''Gantz: Second Stage'', which continued the series for another 13 episodes. Both seasons make up the 26 episode series. It was licensed in North America by [[ADV Films]]. The anime series is distributed in the [[United Kingdom]] by [[MVM Films]], and in [[Australia]] and [[New Zealand]] by [[Madman Entertainment]].  [[Dark Horse Comics]] started releasing the manga in English in June of 2008.

==Plot==
A pair of high school students, Kei Kurono and Masaru Kato, are seemingly run over by a subway train, after saving the life of a homeless drunk who had fallen onto the tracks. Following their untimely deaths, Kei and Masaru find themselves transported—alive and well—along with a number of people who have also just died, to the interior of an unfurnished Tokyo condominium from which the [[Tokyo Tower]] may be seen—and none of them are able to leave. At one end of the room is a featureless black sphere we later learn is called "Gantz". By way of green text that appears on the surface of the sphere, Gantz informs those present that their lives have ended. The following words appear on the black sphere's surface: "Your lives have ended. What you do with your new lives is entirely up to me. That's the theory, anyway." (The ADV translations have it as "Your lives are over, you bastards. What you do with your new lives is entirely up to me. So there you have it.") The sphere then opens up to reveal suits that, when worn, amplify the user's attributes, such as strength, speed and agility. Along with the suits are various high-tech weapons with different uses for different situations. Next, information on the [[Gantz Targets]] appear on the surface of the sphere, shortly before the Gantz Team are transported to the location of the mission.

In addition to the weapons, suits, and scanners, Gantz holds what appears to be a muscle-bound bald man on life support in the center of the ball. The true identity and purpose of this man is never revealed. The series consistently introduces new characters. Most of them are killed off almost as quickly as they appear, though at times a stable cast of veterans forms.

Later in the manga, some of Gantz's participants obtain over 100 points and use their points to revive various fallen persons, like Tae Kojima and Masaru Kato. Kei Kurono, however, is convinced by his comrades and Kato to use his points to set himself free, the result being that his memory is erased. Kurono then returns to his former life, without any memory at all of his experiences during the past few the months, in which he had been participating in the Gantz game. However, Kurono stumbles upon various clues of his past life such as photographs of him and Tae and rumors of him going out with Reika. These forgotten memories begin to haunt him immediately after his return.

It is later confirmed in the manga that Gantz teams of other nationalities exist in the world. This is confirmed in Issue 229, in a dialog between Izumi and Nishi, when the latter asks if they should leave it to the other countries, and Izumi responds that he wishes to show the world Japan's greatness. There has been hints of a central black sphere located in Germany, but nearly all information regarding it is still in speculation.

==Characters==
{{main|List of Gantz characters}}

[[Image:Gantz_Kato_Kurono.jpg|thumb|left|Masaru Kato (at left) and Kei Kurono (at right) meet again at the subway station]]Gantz's characters change fairly often due to the nature of the plot premise.  However, a few characters are featured far more often and in more depth than others.  At first the spotlighted characters are '''Kei Kurono''' and '''Masaru Kato.'''

Kurono and Kato are childhood friends, but lost contact for years.  As the story begins they meet again at a subway station, apparently by sheer luck of the draw, just before the event that draws both of them into the world of Gantz. As the story goes on, they meet, befriend and antagonize many other characters.  Some of those have very short participations in the plot, while others become regulars, at least for a period of time, and are better developed.

In each mission, Gantz informs the Hunters about the current target which has to be hunted. This information includes an image of the target as well as its characteristics, things it likes, and favorite quotes. Most of the time, Gantz does not give the whole information because almost always the "boss" is not the original target or there are more than one specimen for each class.  While in the anime version, there are four targets including a "Kurono alien" (after The Buddhist Temple Aliens mission), until this moment, there have been nine different targets in the manga:


==Aspects of the missions==

Gantz brings over the hunters whenever he decides to have a mission.  He provides them with equipment, shows them a picture of one of their enemies, and then sends them out with a time limit.  Each participant has a miniature explosive implanted in their brains that prevents them from wandering outside the designated area.  If Gantz find them telling people about him, or otherwise bringing unwanted attention towards him, he may decide to make theirs heads explode without warning, or give them a warning buzz first.  The designated area for missions is roughly one square kilometer, although it can be shrunk as in the Osaka mission to prevent the hunters from simply avoiding all enemies.  If the participants cross this boundary they will hearing a ringing in their heads, and if they continue to move in the wrong direction, the explosive will detonate.

If any of the hunters manage to survive the mission, they return to the room in perfect health (even if they were nearly dead or missing limbs).  Those who are killed during the mission do not return to the room. Gantz then tallies individual scores based on kills and then allows them to leave the apartment, he bringing them back when its time for another mission.  Points are awarded according to the number of aliens eliminated by the player.  It has not yet been proven whether the number of points earned is affected by the equipment used.

Those who manage to accumulate 100 points are presented with the 100 point menu which list three choices:
#You will be freed along with your memories erased
#You will be given an extremely powerful weapon
#You will be able to revive a human being from the memory

In the event that the one-hour mission duration is reached without all targets being eliminated, all of a player's points are revoked, and his or her score goes back to zero (as happened to Kurono in the Chibi Seijin mission).

During one mission, Gantz informs Kurono that if he does not achieve 15 points in that mission, he will be killed. Kurono is then sent in alone, instead of with new people as Gantz has consistently done before in other missions. The only reason for this seems to be because Kurono upset Gantz after the previous mission, by pointing a gun at him and threatening him if he did not bring back his friends.

It has been shown that one can slowly remember aspects or memories from the game: Izumi slowly remembered his time as a member of Gantz's team and eventually got himself back into the game, and Kei also remembered that he was the leader of the team for a while when the vampires attacked him at his house.

None of the rules are actually explicitly given to the hunters, with the exception of the 100 point menu, which is either given automatically when a player reaches or exceeds 100 points, or is requested by a player, and the 15-point requirement given to Kurono at the start of the Kappe Seijin mission. In every other case, players learn of their rewards and penalties only after they have been earned.

The hunters sometimes feel an old chill during the day of a mission, letting them know in advance there will be a mission that day.  At other times, they are apparently given no warning at all, or don't notice it.

Instead of being given any training or a list of rules, the participants are simply told to kill their target, and are only shown one or two enemy profiles, which often does not fully represent the ability of their opponents. They are not given much useful information on their enemies' capabilities or weaknesses, or the number of enemies to expect. Unfortunately for the players, the rules of the game (as well as the capabilities of the suits, the use of the weapons, and the scoring system) are learned by one of two ways: either by [[institutional memory]] (i.e. a veteran explaining to a newcomer how the game works), or by trial and error, the latter usually resulting in the death of one or more players. In the days before the beginning of the series when Nishi was the only surviving veteran, the newcomers were forced to rely solely on trial and error; the result—as Nishi indicated following the Negi Seijin mission—was that Kurono, Kato, and Kishimoto were the only other people to survive to the end of a single mission in "a long time."

The end result is that the newcomers are entirely dependent on the goodwill of the veterans for crucial information that may be their only hope of survival; in the hypothetical event that the entire complement of veterans is wiped out, any future group of newcomers would be utterly at the mercy of their circumstances; their only hope of survival would be their own guile, cunning, and the ability to quickly figure out and utilize the tools provided.

==Equipment==
After everyone's arrival, and before being sent out on the mission, the Gantz ball opens, sending out three racks from it to the back and side walls.  In these, the hunters find three types of guns, the controllers, and cases with their suits in them.  Additional equipment, such as the vehicles and swords, or items earned from the hundred point menu, can be found in side rooms that unlock when the ball opens.  The hunters can take home any equipment they wish, and use them as they see fit, as long as they don't bring attention towards Gantz.

===Equipment available to all at the start===
*'''Gantz Suit:''' When the Gantz ball opens, the rack that appears at the back of Gantz, contains cases with everyone's name on them.  Inside they find a suit which is attuned to an individual body and can only be utilized by that specific Hunter. The suits are tight to a point that the wearer cannot put it on with any kind of underwear.  These suits provide the wearer with incredible strength, speed, and endurance. On top of that, the suit provides the player with an almost impenetrable protection to his/her body, even to the head, which is fully exposed. Large caliber bullet rounds to the face do not leave so much as a bruise. It should be noted, however, that the suit only seems to protect from blunt attacks such as bullets and punches, but does not seem to do anything for slicing attacks like from a sword or laser. When in full use, the suits' artificial muscles expand, making the Hunter appear larger. In terms of strength, they can easily lift over fifty times their weight and jump well over thirty feet high. However, the amount of damage it can sustain is limited. Should the suit receive too many powerful impacts without time to recover, the "caps" along the suit will break, releasing the essential substance that powers it, rendering it as useful as ordinary clothes.  The Vampires are apparently aware of the suits, as they often attack the caps directly.

*'''Controller:''' Called a controller in the Gantz manual, it is commonly referred to as a radar, although it has other functions.  It is a device used to track the targets, displaying the targets as well as fellow team mates on its screen. However, the marker on the radar is not very precise and has created many situations in which the Hunters ran into trouble pinpointing the exact number and location of the targets. These are found in one of the weapon racks that is revealed when the Gantz ball opens.  They allow for changing of someone's frequency, rendering them invisible to those not on the same frequency.   This allows them to turn invisible to other people.  Vampires can counter this affect by wearing special glasses or contacts, designed for this purpose.   The boss monster in the Temple mission has been shown to be able to see a person even when they were invisible <ref>''Gantz'' chapter 85, page 55.</ref>, as has a powerful alien in the Osaka mission.

* '''X-Gun:''' The X-gun is a small handgun-sized weapon, that gets its name from the four protrusions around the barrel that spread out like an "[[X]]" when fired. The X-gun functions by firing nano-sized explosives that stop and explode inside the target. The effectiveness of this gun is not specific to biological targets, as it has been shown to affect the surroundings as well. The only drawback to this weapon is that it has a significant time delay between the triggers being pressed and the projectile being fired/impacting the target, during which the enemy can easily dodge it, use an object as a shield, or kill the wielder. Also, it has an [[X-ray]] monitor in the back. Later in the manga, the X-ray device is revealed to be part of a lock-on system that can target multiple enemies at once. It has an oddity shared by the X-Shotgun: it has two triggers. The upper trigger is pulled by the pointer finger, causing the gun to lock onto a target displayed on the monitor. The lower trigger fires the weapon on the target. To fire it in a running battle, one must pull both triggers simultaneously.  There is also a dial at the top which can be used to affect the explosive level of the blast.<ref>''Gantz'' chapter 119, page 4.</ref>

* '''X-Rifle:''' This weapon is similar to the X-Gun in almost every respect in terms of functionality. However, the X-Rifle is meant for longer range, has higher accuracy, and a sniper scope. In the Buddha alien mission, one of the Hunters equipped with this weapon stated that its range is at least one kilometer.  The official ''Gantz'' manga refers to it as the X-Shotgun, but in the anime it is referred to as a rifle.

* '''Y-Gun:''' It is a handgun that has the same lock-on capabilities of the X-Gun, but rather than fire out an explosive payload, it instead launches a homing net that securely ties up the target with a strong wire and then buries the points of the net into the ground. Once this is done, the target is "sent" by the same means Gantz transfers the hunters to and from missions, and eliminates them.  It is not known if they are simply sent and never made to reappear anywhere else, or sent off to some unknown location where they presumingly die.  In the Temple mission, Katou used a Y gun to send the alien boss, who then ejected his head from the body, and then ejected himself and formed a new body.  Even after the separated head has finished being sent away, we see the old body itself being sent also, showing that in the manga, once a target has been locked onto, cutting off the top does not stop the rest from being sent as well.  The rule is different in the anime, when that same boss just cut off the very top of his head, and that got sent and not the rest of him.  One trigger on the Y-gun is used for firing the snare and the other is used for initiating the "send". This weapon gets its name from the [[Y]]-shaped barrel that the net launches from. It is Katou's weapon of choice even after his revival but it proves useless against higher level enemies.

* '''Gantz Sword:''' The only melee weapon revealed so far. It is a [[katana]]-like weapon that is usually in a closed hilt-only state. When in use, an incredibly sharp blade extends from the hilt. It can extend without loss of durability and it is unknown if its length is limited; currently it has only been extended to roughly 30 feet. A stack of these swords is seen in a room next to the main room, which only opens after the Gantz ball does.  None of the current Tokyo Gantz team members knew of this until after Izumi appeared before the Dinosaur mission.  After that mission, others are shown with swords as well.

* '''Gantz Bike:''' A type of [[monowheel]], with a seat for a driver and a rider, its own radar, and the ability to go into stealth mode.  It can travel at great velocity.  It made its first appearance before the start of the Dinosaur mission.  There are two standard Gantz bikes seen in the side room.

===Equipment available as rewards for the hundred point menu===
There is no mention of how many times one must get the hundred point menu, before some equipment appears, or if the H-gun gets a power up for each hundred points as a character in the series suggested.  All that is known is that hunters who are said to have gotten a hundred points on numerous occasions, have better equipment.
* '''H-Gun'''
In chapter 247, the weapon is shown in use for the first time. It seems to apply severe gravitational force in a circular area and force everything within range of the shot to slam into the ground or be flattened, even a few inches of the floor below the shot is cut out.  Although no official name has yet been given, it is often referred by fans as the "H-Gun", because of its similarities in shape with the letter [[H]] and the fact that two other games are named after letters they are shaped like.  Some enemies have been shown to survive multiple blast with this weapon.

* '''Advanced Gantz suit'''
There is a gorilla shaped suit, with many tentacle-like cables on the back.  It has a built in X-ray scanner, and a beam weapon that fires out of its palms.  It completely conceals the body of the wearer, leaving no point in which a psychic attack may rip someone apart.

* '''Flying Gantz Bike'''
Similar in appearance to the standard Gantz bike, the flying bike has an additional horizontal black ring around the vehicle.<ref>Chapter 269</ref>  It is a totally different vehicle, and not just one of the two Gantz bikes each Gantz team has access to, with an added flying ring, as evident by the fact that the Osaka team has its two Gantz bikes seen on the ground, before another member arrives with his flying one.

* '''Gantz Mech:''' A building-sized robot controlled by a hunter on a modified flying Gantz bike.  The [[mech]] is controlled by the cables on the back of the advanced Gantz Suit while sitting on its "head". <ref>Nurarihyon mission in chapter 269.</ref>

==Media==
===Manga===
{{main|List of Gantz chapters}}
Written by [[Hiroya Oku]], the individual chapters of the ''Gantz'' manga series first appeared in ''[[Weekly Young Jump]]'' in 2000 and is still ongoing. The series is divided into two "phases." Phase 1 consists of the first 237 chapters. Phase 2, which starts with chapter 238, began serialization on [[November 22]], [[2006]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/manga.php?id=3749|title=Gantz (manga) - Anime News Network|publisher=[[Anime News Network]]|accessdate=2008-07-18}}</ref> The individual chapters are collected by [[Shueisha]] in ''[[tankōbon]]'' volumes; the first volume was released on [[December 11]], [[2000]], while currently twenty-three volumes have been released. An [[anime]] adaptation, produced by [[Gonzo (studio)|Gonzo]] and directed by Ichiro Itano aired in Japan from [[April 12]], [[2004]] to [[November 18]], [[2004]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/encyclopedia/anime.php?id=3641|title=Gantz (TV) - Anime News Network|publisher=[[Anime News Network]]|accessdate=2008-07-18}}</ref> The distributing company [[Dark Horse Comics]] has been releasing the ''Gantz'' manga volumes in English in the [[United States]] with the first one being released on [[June 25]], [[2008]].

===Anime===
{{seealso|List of Gantz episodes}}
The ''Gantz'' anime is divided into two seasons: The first season is known as "The First Stage", while the second season is known as "The Second Stage", which is a direct continuation of the first season. The anime has been licensed in the [[United States of America]] by ADV Films.

===Video game===
On [[March 17]], [[2005]], Konami published a game for the [[PlayStation 2]] based on the ''Gantz'' series. It was named simply as '''Gantz: The Game'''. It features the characters and plot up to the Buddha Alien mission (though the vampires and the Shorty Aliens are present). The game may be classified as a [[third-person shooter]], although it does have a little [[Role-playing game|RPG]] elements put together. More information can be found on the game's website. The game also includes extras including Free Play mode, a Mini Mode, Magazine Browser mode, Gantz Rankings, a special preview movie and the scenario completion statistic.

==Reception==
The first season, known as the "First Stage", was heavily edited on Japanese TV, but the second season ("Second Stage") remained uncut. The Gantz anime is often criticized for its ending and pacing problems. The anime was made while the manga was still in early production, and thus Gonzo had to produce episodes at an irregular pace, and end the series in a manner a number of fans found unsatisfying—a common occurrence when an anime is made from a manga that has not finished its run.

==References==
<references />

==External links==
* [http://www.gantz.net Official ''Gantz'' website] {{Ja icon}}
*[http://www.gantz.tv/ Official ADV ''Gantz'' anime website]
*[http://www.gantz.com.au/ Madman Entertainment's ''Gantz'' website] Official Australian Gantz website.
* [http://www.konami.jp/gs/game/gantz/ Official ''Gantz: The Game'' website] {{Ja icon}}
* {{ann|manga|id=3749}}
* {{ann|anime|id=3641}}

[[Category:Action anime and manga]]
[[Category:Science fiction anime and manga]]
[[Category:Horror anime and manga]]
[[Category:Supernatural anime and manga]]
[[Category:Seinen]]
[[Category:2004 television series debuts]]
[[Category:2004 television series endings]]
[[Category:Anime of 2004]]
[[Category:ADV Films]]
[[Category:Ecchi anime and manga]]

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